Gastric Sleeve vs. Implantable Gastric Stimulation Device

Gastric Sleeve (Sleeve Gastrectomy)

A Lighter Me recommends the gastric sleeve procedure. Speak with one of our coordinators about a gastric sleeve surgery.

Overview

A sleeve gastrectomy is typically performed laparoscopically. During this procedure, approximately 80 percent of the stomach is removed. The stomach then becomes more of a tube shape, similar in shape to a banana. The surgeon will make small incisions in the upper abdomen and then insert small instruments through those incisions to complete the procedure. Since the stomach becomes much smaller, the amount of food a person can consume after this procedure is much more limited. This surgery also prompts hormonal changes, which often causes weight loss as well. The hormonal changes can also help with certain weight-related health conditions, such as high blood pressure and heart disease.

Patient Eligibility

Individuals who have a BMI of 40 or higher are often good candidates for this procedure. This surgery may also be an option for those who have a BMI between 35 and 40 and also have serious weight-related health problems, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep apnea. Someone with a BMI as low as 30 may be eligible for this surgery if he or she has very serious weight-related health problems.

Average Weight Loss Results

Individuals who have this surgery may lose up to 60 percent of their total body weight, sometimes even more, within two years. The likelihood of success greatly depends on the person’s adherence to lifestyle changes and eating habits.

Recovery Time

For the first week after the procedure, the patient is only allowed to consume sugar-free, noncarbonated liquids. The next three weeks will consist of only pureed foods. After that, patients are typically able to resume a normal diet. Over the first few months after surgery, patients will need to have frequent checkups to ensure that everything is going smoothly.

Common Side Effects

Patients often experience body aches, tiredness, feeling cold, dry skin, hair thinning and loss, and mood changes for up to 6 months after the surgery.

Cost

The cost of this procedure varies greatly. The total cost in the US can sometimes exceed $20,000. A Lighter Me provides access to quality surgeons in Mexico who perform this surgery at a fraction of this price.

References:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/sleeve-gastrectomy/about/pac-20385183
https://www.medicinenet.com/lap_band_surgery_gastric_banding/article.htm#who_are_candidates_for_the_lap_band_system

Implantable Gastric Stimulation Device

Overview

Implantable gastric stimulation is a relatively new way to treat obesity. It does not change a patient’s anatomy or rely on malabsorption issues for weight loss, and it takes less than an hour to complete. It is also reversible. Using a laparoscopic approach, a device that is an electrical pulse generator, similar to a pacemaker, is implanted along the front part of the abdomen. Electrode leads are then placed in the gastric muscular wall. Once the surgery is complete and the patient has recovered, the device will be turned on, and the gastric stimulation will begin. The purpose of the device is to make patients feel fuller faster, which may help with overeating and binge eating. It is believed that when the device stimulates the stomach, a message is sent to the brain telling it that it is full.

Patient Eligibility

The ideal candidate for this procedure has a BMI over 40 or a BMI between 35 and 40 plus serious weight-related health problems.

Average Weight Loss Results

Since this is a relatively new procedure, there is not a large amount of data available regarding weight loss results. In general, it appears that patients typically lose between 5 and 17 percent of excess body weight from implantable gastric stimulation. It has been reported that some patients did not lose any weight and others actually gained weight after this procedure. Approximately 80 percent of patients have reported some weight loss, and 60 percent lost more than 10 percent of their body weight within 2 ½ years. In general, it appears that diet and lifestyle changes are necessary for weight loss to occur.

Recovery Time

Most patients are given approximately 4 weeks to recover from the procedure. Once the recovery is complete, the stimulation will begin.

Common Side Effects

Possible side effects from this procedure include abdominal pain, generalized pain, fever, and flatulence. Nausea, constipation, and hypoglycemia may also occur, but they are relatively rare.

Cost

The cost of this procedure varies, but it is likely to fall somewhere around $15,000 in the US. Insurance may or may not pay for a portion of this procedure.

References:
https://commons.pacificu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1242&context=pa